Students work together in small groups and learn through interaction with each other while the teacher coaches the process.
5 Major Phases
- Organize student teams with clearly defined roles
- Facilitate team activities, including academic learning, social skills & cooperative behavior
- Assess student knowledge throughout the process and/or by team presentations
- Recognize both group & individual efforts such as active participation and taking responsibility for learning
Phase 1: Goals, Hook & Introduction
The 3 instructional goals of cooperative learning are:
1. Academic achievement,
2. Tolerance and acceptance of diversity, and
3. Development of social skills
Consider how you will communicate these goals in your introduction
Phase 2: Teams and Roles
Organize materials, learning experiences and small group activities by paying attention to 4 key features:
1. Form heterogeneous teams
2. How students will work together in small groups (Student Teams, Jigsaw, Group Investigation, Think-Pair-Share)
3. How behavior and results will be recognized or rewarded
4. Realistic time estimate
Cooperative Learning Roles May Include
Final copy scribe
Phase 3: Facilitate learning, social skills & cooperative learning
Help with Transitions
○ Sharing Skills
○ Participation Skills
○ Team Building
Teaching Social and Group Skills
Phase 4: Assess Throughout and/or with Presentations
Test Academic Learning
Grade Cooperative Learning
Recognize Cooperative Effort
Phase 5: Recognize Group & Individual Efforts
Find ways to highlight group presentations by displaying results prominently in room.
Maybe invite guests to hear final reports.
Consider summarizing results through newsletters or other forums.
Each individual makes some kind of unique contribution – highlight those.
During today’s activities
Look for ways the learning experiences could be adapted for your students into cooperative learning activities
Choose 1 representative to record ideas for each of the 5 phases
Be prepared to share these ideas with the rest of us.